Easiest German for Air Travel

Easiest German For Air Travel:

Ever wish you knew German? Well, you already know more than you realize about German. Just because you know English.

Many German words look like English words.

For example, here’s Easiest German For Air Travel:

Imagine you are on your first flight to Germany. You settle into your seat on the plane, excited about going to a foreign country, but also dreading the language barrier.

Then imagine that you pick up the in-flight magazine and discover an article that is an Easiest German Introduction. Here is the gist of it, with only some of the examples:

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INTRODUCTION TO EASIEST GERMAN

Easiest German For Air Travel

There are 150 Easiest German words to describe your airplane flight. This can be your Easiest German Introduction.

The very easiest are English words borrowed by German.

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GERMAN WORDS SPELLED LIKE ENGLISH

Some Easiest German words are pronounced almost the same way as in English. If you pronounce these words as you usually do in English, German-speakers will understand what you mean. [In the pronunciation guide, quotation marks indicate German words pronounced like English, as in -- “film”].

ENGLISH -- GERMAN -- [SAY]

movie -- der Film -- [“film”]

chips -- die Chips -- [“chips”]

gin -- der Gin -- [“gin”]

rum -- der Rum -- [ “rum”]

OK -- OK -- [“OK”]

ticket -- das Ticket -- [“ticket”]

e-ticket -- das E-ticket -- [“e-ticket”]

Visa [credit card] -- die Visa [Karte] -- [”Visa” KAHR-teh]

gate -- das Gate -- [“gate”]

muffin -- der Muffin -- [“muffin”]

jumbo [jet] -- der Jumbojet -- [“jumbo-jet”]

cockpit -- das Cockpit -- [“cockpit”]

cola -- das Cola -- [“cola”]

cocktail -- der Cocktail -- [“cocktail”]

whiskey -- der Whisky -- [“whiskey”]

sandwich -- das Sandwich -- [“sandwich”]

ketchup -- das Ketchup -- [“ketchup”]

taxi -- das Taxi -- [“taxi”]

stewardess -- die Stewardess -- [“stewardess”]

deoderant -- das Deoderant -- [“deoderant”]

duty-free shop -- der Duty-free Shop -- [“duty-free shop”]

jet lag -- Jetlag -- ["jet lag”]

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Next-easiest are German words spelled like English, with stress on a different part of the word than in English [the stressed syllable is indicated in the phonetic guide by capital letters]

ENGLISH -- GERMAN -- [SAY]

tourist -- der Tourist -- [too-RIST]

problem -- das Problem -- [proh-BLEHM]

pilot -- der Pilot -- [pee-LOHT]

terminal -- das Terminal -- [tehr-mee-NAHL]

monitor -- der Monitor -- [moh-nee-TUHR]

turbulent -- turbulent -- [toor-boo-LEHNT]

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Next-easiest are German words spelled like English, with some parts pronounced differently.

[The rest of the word is pronounced as in English. The syllable in bold is pronounced with stress] --

ENGLISH -- GERMAN -- [SAY]

steak -- das Steak -- [stehk]

auto, car -- das Auto -- [OW-toh]

butter -- die Butter -- [BOO-ter]

aspirin -- das Aspirin -- [AHS-pee-reen]

taxi stand -- der Taxistand -- [“taxi“-shtant]

information -- die Information -- [in-for-mah-tsih-OHN]

international -- international -- [in-tuhr-nah-tsih-oh-NAHL]

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Some German words spelled like English are used differently than in English.

ENGLISH -- GERMAN -- [SAY]

engine -- der Motor -- [“motor”]

passport -- der Pass -- [“pass”]

personnel -- das Personal -- [per-zoh-NAHL]

cell phone -- das Handy -- [HEHN-dee]

aisle [gangway] -- der Gang -- [“gang”]

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Some German words have been imported from other foreign languages, and the same words have been imported into English.

German Words from French

ENGLISH -- GERMAN -- [SAY]

rosé [wine] -- der Rosé -- [“rosé”]

brie -- der Brie -- [“brie”]

camembert -- der Camembert -- [“camembert”]

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German Words from Italian

ENGLISH -- GERMAN -- [SAY]

zucchini -- die Zucchini -- [“zucchini”]

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German nouns spelled exactly like English are shown preceded by the German articles like ‘der’, ‘das’, ‘die’, all meaning meaning ‘the’. This is done to help you realize that the German words spelled exactly like English are in fact truly German words also.

But German nouns spelled differently than English are shown NOT preceded by the German articles like ‘der’, ‘das’, ‘die’, all meaning ‘the’. This is done because the German words spelled differently than English are obviously German words, even though they look something like English words.

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GERMAN WORDS SPELLED DIFFERENTLY THAN ENGLISH

The next-easiest are German words spelled mostly like English – but with an additonal letter added [or several] at the end --

ENGLISH -- GERMAN -- [SAY]

[oxygen] mask -- Maske -- [MAHS-keh]

champagne -- Champagner -- [shahm-PAHN-yar]

orange -- Orangen -- [oh-RAHN-zhehn]

olives -- Oliven -- [oh-LEE-vehn]

restrooms -- Toiletten -- [toh-ah-LEH-ten]

take off -- starten -- [SHTAR-ten]

to land -- landen -- [LAHN-den]

sherbet, sorbet -- Sorbett -- [ZOR-bay]

[declaration] form -- Formular -- [for-moo-LAHR]

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The next-easiest are German words spelled a only little differently than English. There are several types listed below --

Some German words start out spelled like English, but at the end have a different letter or letters.

ENGLISH -- GERMAN -- [SAY]

tea -- Tee -- [teh]

salt -- Salz -- [zahlts]

plastic -- Plastik -- [PLAHS-tik]

salad -- Salat -- [zah-LAHT]

music -- Musik -- [moo-ZEEK]

banana -- Banane -- [bah-NAH-neh]

tomato -- Tomate -- [toh-MAH-teh]

lasagna -- Lasagne -- [“lasagne”]

spinach -- Spinat -- [shpee-NAHT]

turbulence -- Turbulenz -- [toor-boo-LEHNS]

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Other German words also start out spelled like English, but toward the end are spelled differently to varying degrees --

ENGLISH -- GERMAN -- [SAY]

nut -- Nuss -- [noos]

walnut -- Walnuss -- [VAHL-noos]

visa [passport] -- Visum -- [VEE-soom]

flight -- Flüge -- [FLEW-geh]

vegetarian -- Vegetarier -- [veh-ggeh-tah-rih-HER]

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At the start of some words, German has a different letter than English

ENGLISH -- GERMAN -- [SAY]

and -- und -- [oont]

vodka -- Wodka -- [“vodka”]

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German uses the letter –K– instead of the letter –C–

ENGLISH -- GERMAN -- [SAY]

coffee -- Kaffee -- [kah-FEH]

[first] class -- Klasse -- [KLAH-seh]

carrot -- Karotte -- [kah-ROH-teh]

camera -- Kamera -- [KAH-meh-rah]

cabin -- Kabine -- [kah-BEE-neh]

aisle, corridor -- Korridor -- [“corridor”]

copilot -- Kopilot -- [KOH-pee-loht]

to cost -- kosten -- [KOHS-tehn]

credit card[s] -- Kreditkarte[n] -- [kreh-deet-kahr-tehn]

broccoli -- Brokkoli -- [“broccoli”]

direct [flight] -- direkt -- [“direct”]

control tower -- Kontrollturm -- [kohn-TROHL-turm]

declare [customs] -- deklarieren -- [dehk-lah-REER-ehn]

passport control -- Passkontrolle -- [“pass”-kohn-TROH-leh]

ID / identification -- Identifikation -- [ih-dehn-tih-fih-kah-tsih-OHN]

[The letter –C– by itself exists in a few words in German, but only in foreign imports, like ‘Cola’. In German the letter C occurs often in the combinations CH and SCH]

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Other German words are spelled differently than English in various ways.

ENGLISH -- GERMAN -- [SAY]

friend -- Freund -- [froynd]

beer -- Bier -- [“beer”]

wine -- Wein -- [‘vine]

white [wine] -- Weiss[wein] -- [‘VICE’-‘vine’]

red wine -- Rot[wein] -- [ROHT-‘vine’]

water -- Wasser -- [VAH-ser]

brochure -- Broschüre -- [broh-SHEW-reh]

English -- Englisch -- [EHNG-lish]

Hello -- Hallo -- [hah-LOH]

[seat] number -- Nummer -- [NUH-mer]

landing -- Landung -- [LAN-doong]

smuggler -- Schmuggler -- [SHMUG-ler]

passenger -- Passagier -- [pah-sah-ZHEER]

[x-ray] machine -- Maschine -- [mah-SHEE-neh]

reservation -- Reservierung -- [reh-zehr-FEER-oong]

on board -- an Bord -- [“on” bohrt]

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In some cases two German words are joined together into one --

ENGLISH -- GERMAN -- [SAY]

toilet paper -- Toilettenpapier -- [toh-LEH-ten-pah-peer]

mineral water -- Mineralwasser -- [mih-nuh-RAHL-vah-ser]

tourist class -- Touristenklasse -- [too-RIHS-ten-klah-suh]

tomato salad -- Tomatensalat -- [toh-mah-tuhn-zah-LAHT]

tuna fish -- Tunfisch -- [TOON-“fish”]

flight number -- Flugnummer -- [FLOOG-noo-mer]

cell phone -- Mobiltelefon -- [moh-BEEL-“telephone”]

business class -- Businessklasse -- [“business”-KLAHS-seh]

economy class -- Economyklasse -- [“economy”-KLAHS-seh]

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Other German words are spelled much different than English, but still recognizable as related.

ENGLISH -- GERMAN -- [SAY]

bread -- Brot -- [broth]

[chicken] breast -- Brust -- [broost]

fruit -- Frucht -- [frukht]

seat -- Sitz -- [ziht]

good -- gut -- [goot]

with -- mit -- [mit]

apple -- Apfel -- [AHP-fel]

pepper -- Pfeffer -- [PFEH-fuhr]

berries -- Beeren [not beer] -- [BEH-rehn]

to speak -- sprechen -- [SHPREH-ken]

to fly -- fliegen -- [FLEE-gen]

to declare [customs] -- erklären -- [er-KLEH-ren]

to check-in -- einchecken -- [AIN-cheh-ken]

chocolate -- Schokolade -- [shoh-koh-LAH-deh]

mayonaisse -- Majonäse -- [mah-yoh-NEH-zeh]

decaffeinated -- koffeinfreier -- [koh-feh-EEN-fray-er]

celery -- Stangensellerie -- [shtahn-gen-“celery”]

charter flight -- Charterflug -- [“charter"-flook]

flight number -- Flugnummer -- FLOOK-noo-mer]

plane ticket -- Flugticket -- FLOOK-“ticket”]

air fare -- Flugpreis -- [FLOOK-‘price’]

fresh fruit -- frische Frucht -- [frish frukht]

coffee with milk -- Kaffee mit Milch -- [kah-FEH mit milsh]

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Finally, sometimes a German word looks similar to another English word which is somehow related enough to suggest the correct meaning of the German word.

Some German Words resemble a less-used synonym in English --

ENGLISH -- GERMAN -- [SAY]

reading light -- Leselampe [like lamp] -- [LAY-seh-lahm-peh]

arrive -- ankommen [like come] -- [AN-koh-men]

cancel -- annulieren [like annul] -- [ah-nool-EER-ehn]

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Other German words are loosely related to an English one, but close enough to help you remember what the German word means --

ENGLISH -- GERMAN -- [SAY]

meat -- Fleisch [like flesh] -- [flaish]

lettuce -- Salat [like salad] -- [zah-LAHT]

baggage -- Gepäck [like pack] -- [geh-PEHK]

carry-on luggage -- Handgepäck [like hand pack] -- [HAHND-geh-pehk]

suitcase -- Koffer [like coffer] -- [KOH-fer]

airplane -- Maschine [like machine] -- [mah-SHEE-neh]

boarding pass -- Bordkarte [like card] -- [bohrt-kahr-teh]

[flight] canceled -- annulliert [like annul] -- [ah-nooh-LEERT]

plain tea -- Naturtee [like nature] -- [nah-TOOR-teh]

plain tea -- normaler Tee [normal] -- [nor-MAH-ler TEH]

domestic flight -- Inlandsflug [in land] -- [in-lahnts-FLOOK]

tea with lemon -- Tee mit Zitrone [citrus] -- [teh mit tsi-TROH-neh]

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FALSE COGNATES

Note -- Although there are so many easiest German words that resemble English and mean something similar, others have different meanings. So not all German words that look like Engish are truly easiest cognates, such as these German ‘false friends’ for air travel --

German False Friends -- The plane’s nose is der ‘Bug’ [does not mean bug]. The plane’s tail is das ‘Heck’ [is not a mild swear word]. The plane’s fuselage is der ‘Rumpf’ [does not mean rump]. In German the word ‘die’ means 'the' [it is pronounced "dee", and does not mean to die].

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